Macroevolution (EEB464, 2014)
- Lecture 1: History of Life, part 1: PDF
- Lecture 2: History of Life, part 2: PDF
- Lecture 3: Evidence: PDF
- Lecture 4: Taphonomy: PDF
- Lecture 5: Jargon: PDF
- Lecture 6: Phylogenetics: PDF
- Lecture 7: Empirical distributions: PDF
- Lecture 8: Biogeography: PDF
- Lecture 9: Speciation1: PDF
- Lecture 10: Speciation2: PDF
- Lecture 11: Extinction1: PDF
- Lecture 12: Extinction2: PDF
- Lecture 13: Diversification: PDF
- Lecture 14: Diversification2: PDF
- Lecture 15: Natural Selection: PDF. mutationSelection.R. Do this on your local installation of R (download here) or use the online implementations of R at http://pbil.univ-lyon1.fr/Rweb/ or http://www.unt.edu/rss/Rinterface.htm
- Lecture 16: Sex: PDF
- Lecture 17: Trends: PDF
- Lecture 18: Symbiosis: PDF
- Lecture 19: Game theory: PDF
- Lecture 20: Inclusive fitness: PDF
- Lecture 21: Systematics: PDF
- Lecture 22: Darwin: PDF
- Lecture 23 & 24: Escalation: PDF
- Lecture 25: Flight: PDF
- Lecture 26: Dominance: PDF
- Lecture 27: Invasive humans: PDF
- Lecture 28: Disease evolution: PDF
- Lecture 29: Origin of life: PDF
- Lecture 30: Contemporary evolution: PDF
- Lecture 31: Insects: PDF
- Lecture 32: Stephen Jay Gould: PDF
- Lecture 33: Language evolution: PDF
- Lecture 34: Evolution of intelligence: PDF
- Lecture 35: Marsupials: PDF
Study guide for final
Some sample questions for the essay portion of the final:
Study guide/possible exam questions for EEB464 Macroevolution. This focuses on the essay type questions for the exam.
Why may life have been single celled for a long time?
Describe a major event (such as a mass extinction, colonization of land, etc.) and its subsequent effects.
How do we learn about organisms with no living descendants, such as trilobites? How would living descendants affect how we can learn about them?
Can behavior be fossilized? If so, give two examples.
How can something become a fossil?
How has continental drift affected the location of organisms?
Why don’t barracuda eat cleaner wrasse?
Why bother making phylogenies?
What is a phylogeny?
Can species be treated as independent data points in a statistical analysis? Why or why not?
How can movement of land lead to speciation?
What was the Great Faunal Interchange?
Describe island biogeography. Why is it relevant to this class?
Contrast pre and postzygotic mating barriers
What are Dobzhansky-Muller Incompatibilities?
Compare allopatric and sympatric speciation.
How might hybrids have greater fitness than their parents?
Explain the importance of Wolbachia.
Describe the cause of a contemporary group of extinctions.
Give an example of a biological trait that may increase extinction risk. Why might it?
How could phylogenetic diversity be useful for conservation?
Describe a simple model for species diversification.
Compare and contrast speciation rate and diversification rate.
How may trait transitions and diversification rates together affect evolution of a group?
Which requirement for natural selection is most important? Why?
What, in the context of this class, is an advantage of sexual reproduction?
Describe Muller’s ratchet
Describe one mechanism of sexual selection.
What is Cope’s rule? Why might it be true?
Contrast what a passive and an active trend mean.
How would you detect evidence of a trend?
Contrast mutualism with parasitism. How can one change into the other?
Give an example of a commensalism.
Define what is an evolutionarily stable strategy?
Why is “the good of the species” a problematic concept?
Why might a prey item call out to a predator?
What is inclusive fitness?
What is Hamilton’s rule?
Give a behavior the idea of inclusive fitness could explain.
Why can it be empirically difficult to know if two populations are the same or different species?
Relate Darwin’s work on reefs to his work on evolution.
What are some potential reasons that gliding evolves much more often than flight?
What evidence links humans to some megafaunal extinctions?
Pasteur showed life does not spontaneously appear. Biologists believe life originally spontaneously appeared. Reconcile these views.
Use insects as an example of a macroevolutionary process.
What may explain evolution of intelligence?
What factors affect evolution of virulence in diseases?
How would you test the idea of punctuated equilibrium?
Have marsupials converged on placental mammals more than you’d expect under a null model? Why or why not?
Has development of agriculture and modern medicine stopped human evolution via natural selection? Provide evidence.
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